Before the 20th century, elite society wore pearls because of its limited supply and significant cost. In 1893, cultured pearls were introduced in the market, which made it more and more accessible and affordable. Pearl farming development has allowed to meet the supply and demand aspect of this gemstone. Even though pearls are available easily at reasonable rate people are keen to know how they are valued in the market.
Factors that determine pearl value
Pearl is an organic gem, so each and every pearl carries different characteristic. The ones that hold certain qualities are priced high. Pearls value is determined on the basis of its type, shape, size, luster, and surface quality. All these factors can be challenging, so pearls are graded after considering all the different factors. This makes it easy for buyers to choose an appropriate one suitable for their needs and budget.
To check the different types of pearls see this site.
- Freshwater pearls – Freshwater Pearls get imported from China and are budget friendly. Even if they have less size option or low glow, people find it a great choice to start their own collection.
- Akoya pearls – Akoya Pearls get imported from Japan and have high luster. However, the size ranges from 5mm to 9mm and can be defined as possessing mid-range value.
- Tahitian pearls – Exotic black colored pearls with peacock hues come in sizes that range from 9mm to 14mm. Its value is higher than the Akoya jewelry.
- South Sea pearls – Largest type of pearls available in white and golden color featuring high luster. They can be as large as 18mm in diameter, so are pricier than any other types.
Pearl surface is never perfect but nearly-to-perfect is of highest quality. This means there will be minor blemishes, which cannot be seen with naked eyes.
Luster offers pearl its iconic identity. High luster pearl will reflect brightly, sharply and clearly. Poor luster displays faint, dim, and muddled reflection.
Nacre needs to be sufficiently thick to avoid the chalky and hideous appearance. Moreover, thin nacre layer impacts durability. Therefore, thick nacre layered pearls are more valuable.
Perfect round shapes are rarely produced, so they carry hefty value than the irregular or baroque shape pearls.
Larger the pearl, more its value because it takes long time to develop and needs more care during cultivation process.